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Kirjallinen kysymys Ashtonille Iranin ydinohjelmasta 29.3.2012

Euroopan parlamentin Iran-valtuuskunnan puheenjohtaja Tarja Cronberg on jättänyt kirjallisen kysymyksen EU:n ulkosuhteiden korkealle edustajalle Catherine Ashtonille koskien Iranin ydinohjelmaa.

Cronberg korostaa kysymyksessään, että Euroopan parlamentti on vaatinut rauhanomaista ratkaisua Iranin tilanteeseen. Sen sijaan Israelin pääministeri Netanjahu, Yhdysvaltojen presidentti Barack Obama ja Ison-Britannian ulkoministeri Willian Hague ovat todenneet kaikkien mahdollisuuksien olevan vielä pöydällä.

Cronberg pyytää Ashtonilta selvitystä EU:n kannasta mahdolliseen iskuun Iraniin, ja täsmällisemmin, tuomitsisiko Ashton jonkun maan ennaltaehkäisevän hyökkäyksen. Cronberg muistuttaa YK:n peruskirjan artiklasta 51, jonka mukaan maalla on oikeus puolustautua, mutta vain jos se joutuu aseellisen hyökkäyksen kohteeksi.

Ashtonilta odotetaan vastausta kysymykseen kolmen viikon kuluessa.

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Written question to Vice-President/High representative

29.3.2012

Topic: Iran and the nuclear issue

In the resolution 'On Iran and its nuclear programme' adopted on 2 February 2012 the European Parliament reiterated the EU's long-held position that the outstanding issues with Iran over its nuclear programme must be solved peacefully and that there is no military solution to the conflict'. On 6 March, Israel's PM Binyamin Netanyahu stated that 'all the options were on the table' regarding Iran's nuclear programme including the possibility of a military strike by Israel against Iran. Similar statements were made by the US President, Barack Obama, and the UK Foreign Secretary, William Hague. From this background the following questions arise:

1) In case Israel or any other state should attempt a pre-emptive military strike against Iran and its nuclear facilities in the near future, would this step be condemned by the HR?

2) Would HR agree that such pre-emptive strike would be in violation of the international law, in particular Chapter VII, Article 51 of the UN Charter?

3) Would HR share the analysis that Iran's nuclear programme has been dealt in the context of Iran's obligations as member to NPT and in the framework of the E3+3 (comprised of the members to NPT)? Would HR agree that a pre-emptive strike of a non-member to NPT, such as Israel, would be detrimental to the NPT process and the EU's commitment to WMD non-proliferation as underlined by the EU Strategy against the Proliferation of WMD of 2004.

Tarja Cronberg
Member of the European parliament

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